International Exhibition & Conference for Higher Education for the Middle East

المعرض والمؤتمر الدولي للتعليم العالي لمنطقة الشرق الأوسط

Countdown to Ta'leem expo

2016-12-12

07- 09 April 2018

 

Jordan tourism

Print

Jordan tourism

Jordan Tourism

WELCOME

Jordan  officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Covering some 89,342 sq.km., it is located at 31 00 N, 36 00 E. a country in Western Asia spanning the southern part of the Syrian Desert down to the Gulf of Aqaba. Jordan shares borders with Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, the Gulf of Aqaba to the southwest, and Palestine and Israel to the west. It shares control of the Dead Sea with Israel. 
Much of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the north-western part of Jordan is part of the Ancient Fertile Crescent. The capital city is Amman.

LOCAL TIME

October – March: Greenwich Mean Time plus 2 hours (G.M.T. + 2)
April – September: Greenwich Mean Time plus 3 hours (G.M.T. + 3)
Jordan is seven hours ahead of US Eastern Time

BUSINESS HOURS

Friday is the weekly holiday. Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturdays as well. Many businesses, including airline offices, travel agencies and some shops also close on Thursday afternoon, although department stores and supermarkets remain open. A few businesses and shops close for some of Sunday.

CURRENCY

The local currency is the Jordanian Dinar, symbol JD, There are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 JD notes. The dinar is divided onto 1000 fils (“fills”). The fils is the unit most commonly used and you will usually see prices written as 4,750 (which is 4 JD and 750 fils).

Currency can be exchanged at major banks, exchange booths and at most hotels. Street money-changers are best avoided. Exchange rates are set daily by the Jordanian Central Bank.

CREDIT CARDS

Credit cards are accepted at hotels, restaurants and larger shops, including American Express, Visa, Diners Club, and MasterCard. Many smaller shops still prefer cash payment in the Jordanian currency, and it’s essential for shopping in the local souks.

LANGUAGE

The official language is Arabic, but English is used widely in commerce and government and among educated people. Arabic and English are obligatory learning at public and private schools. French is also taught at some public and private schools.

SAFETY & SECURITY

Jordan has an efficient and well-trained police force. Jordan ranked 14th in the world, 1st in the region, in terms of police services' reliability in the Global Competitiveness Report. Also, Jordan ranked 9th in the world and 1st in the region in terms of prevention of organized crime making it one of the safest countries in the world.

CULTURE

The culture of Jordan, values, beliefs, ethnicities is Arab as the Kingdom is in the heart of Southwest Asia. Although many people from different regions of the world have come to settle in Jordan, like Circassians, Armenians and Chechens, they have long been assimilated in the society and added their richness to the society that subsequently developed. Jordan has a very diverse cultural scene with many different artists, religious sects, and ethnic groups residing in the small country because of Jordan's reputation for stability and tolerance.

Jordan borrows most of its music, cinema, and other forms of entertainment from other countries most specifically other Arab countries like Lebanon and Egypt and the West primarily the United States. There has been a rise of home-grown movies, television series, and music in Jordan, but they pale in comparison to the amount imported from abroad.

MAJOR ECONOMIC SECTORS

Major Economic Sectors  |  Mining and Minerals  |  Tourism  |  Telecom & IT  |  Construction and Building Materials  |  Transportation  |  Agro-Food  |  Pharmaceutical & Medical Sector and Education.

TOURISM IN JORDAN

Jordan, a country in the Middle East, is rich with a wide range of tourist attractions. Tourism is Jordan's most promising sector of the economy. Jordan has a developed tourism infrastructure with a plethora of luxury hotels and resorts, advanced transport infrastructure, a wide range of activities and cultural events, spas and numerous tour operators operating in the country.

Tourism accounts for a large part of Jordan's economy. Jordanian hospitality is well noted by its rash of western tourists. In 2008, there were over 6 million arrivals, 3 million of them tourists, with tourist receipts amounting to about 3 billion dollars. Its major tourist activities include visiting ancient sites (like the worldwide famous Petra) and un-spoilt natural locations, as well as observing cultural and religious sites and traditions.

In addition to its historical sites, Jordan offers the following tourist attractions:

Health tourism is becoming very popular in Jordan. Many of the recipients of Jordanian hospitals are Palestinian and Iraqi refugees. Syrians, Yemenis, and South East Asians working in Jordan are also common visitors. Leisure tourism in the Dead Sea area offer world-class spas to visitors. Theuraptic tourism is an increasingly important sector of the Jordanian tourism industry.

Education tourism is also very popular in Jordan. Jordan's excellent education program is a favorite for westerners studying Arabic in the Middle East. Also, those who can afford it study in Jordan's European and American universities

Adventurers staying in Jordan can also rock-climb in Jordan's Wadi Rum and go for hikes in Jordan's northern mountainous region. Scuba divers can visit Aqaba's magnificent coral reefs.

Shopping tourism is popular in Amman, Irbid, and Aqaba.

Pilgrimages are growing in Jordan. Mount Nebo and the Mosaic Map in Madaba are popular to Christian tourists. The Jordan River and the Dead Sea are also very popular. The numerous medieval mosques and churches are popular destinations for pilgrims.

Points of interest

Petra meaning rock; is a historic and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is renowned for its rock cut architecture and water conduits system. Constructed around 100 BC as the capital city of the Nabateans , it is now the most famous symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourism attraction. It lies on the slope of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba.

Jerash, the Gerasa of Antiquity, is the capital and largest city of Jerash Governorate , which is situated in the north of Jordan, 48 km (30 miles) north of the capital Amman towards Syria. Jerash Governorate's geographical features vary from cold mountains to fertile valleys from (1250 to 300 meters above sea level), suitable for growing a wide variety of crops.Jerash is known for the ruins of the Greco-Roman city of Gerasa, also referred to as Antioch on the Golden River.

Bethany - the Baptism Site: Bethany beyond the Jordan River has long been identified as the spot where John the Baptist baptized Jesus Christ, thus marking the beginning of Jesus mission and the beginning of Christianity.

This Holy Place & surrounding areas were designated by the Vatican, a millennium 2000 pilgrimage site and, declared to be one of the three holiest Christian sites in the world, together with Bethlehem (the Church of the Nativity) were Jesus was born and Jerusalem (the Church of the Holy Sepulcher) where Jesus’ terrestrial mission ended.

Madaba & Mount Nebo  : Also known as "The City of Mosaics", Madaba has been intermittently inhabited for nearly 3,500 years. you will have the chance to see a wonderfully vivid, sixth century Byzantine mosaic map, sheltered in St. George Church and showing Jerusalem and the Holy Land. Ten minutes drive to the west you will visit the most revered site in Jordan: Mount Nebo, the memorial of Moses and the presumed site of the prophet's death and burial place.

The Gulf of Aqaba the coastal city of Aqaba communicates to the visitor both its striking beauty and grace. Touching the Red Sea are a series of peaceful mountains and a riveting desert reflecting onto the clear blue waters. The northeastern arm of the Red Sea, called the Gulf of Aqaba, measures a length of 180 km and expands to a width of 25 km with 27 km of the shoreline belonging to Jordan. The rest of the shoreline is shared with Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Israel. A boat ride to the center of the Gulf provides a visitor with an outstanding view of all four shoreline countries!

The Dead Sea "is a salt lake in Jordan Its surface and shores are 422 meters (1,385 ft) below sea level,the lowest elevation on the Earth's surface on dry land. The Dead Sea is 378 m (1,240 ft) deep, the deepest hyper saline lake in the world. It is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, with 33.7% salinity. It is 8.6 times more salty than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment where animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometers (42 mi) long and 18 kilometers (11 mi) wide at its widest point.

Wadi Rum: Wadi Rum's beauty can only be described as breathtaking. One of Jordan's main tourist attractions, the area is spotted with fascinating sandstone mountains decorated with an array of colours. The magnificent colours of the mountains spill into the sand dunes scattered all over the reserve. Wadi rum attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers and climbers, but also for camel and horse safari or simply 'day-trippers' from Aqaba or Petra.